It’s been held inside the Christian Church which Christ was crucified on the sixth day of this week, the day we call Friday – hence the expression”Good Friday.”
The Passover Lamb
That is a mistake: Christ was actually crucified about the fifth day of this week, the day we currently call Thursday Passover Hotels. Evidence of the assertion will follow under, but the proof isn’t the important point of the essay: nobody is going to be admitted to the kingdom of heaven, nor will anybody be denied admittance due to their perception or teaching on this stage.
What’s vital to know is that there was just 1 afternoon on God’s calendar about which Christ might have been crucified. We’ll deal first with the misconception concerning the day of the week where the Lord has been crucified, and will subsequently proceed to the increased importance of the total time of His crucifixion.
How was it determined by the ancient Church fathers that Jesus must have been crucified on a Friday? This misunderstanding arises from these passages (and associated passages in the other gospels): if Jesus was brought before Pilate, the gospel of Mark reports: “It was Preparation Day (that is, the day before the Sabbath).
What’s”the sabbath” however, the seventh day of this week, and what they could be”the day before the sabbath” however Friday? It’s thus simple to conclude that Jesus was crucified on Friday.
This is a wrong decision, nevertheless — but just the gospel accounts of John supplies the information required to get to the right conclusion. But before we examine the clarifying passage in John, we have to have a better comprehension of the expression”sabbath.” With this, we turn into the 23rd chapter of this book of Leviticus.
In Leviticus 23:3 we see, “There are six days when you could work, but the seventh day is a day of sabbath rest, a day of sacred assembly. You’re not to perform any work; where you reside, it’s a sabbath to the LORD.”
This, naturally, is the sign that’s ordinarily planned and known by the word”sabbath” — that the day of this week, the day that the Lord commanded the Israelites to celebrate each week for a day of sacred rest. However, the term means longer. Let us read further in this chapter.
In Leviticus 23:5-8 we see, “The LORD’s Passover begins at twilight on the fourteenth day of the month. Compare the language out of verse three (about the weekly sabbath) using the language of poetry 7 (about the first day of the Feast of Unleavened Bread).
Both are”a holy meeting”; on both the Israelites are commanded to”don’t (servile) work ” We see that the very first day of the Feast of Unleavened Bread matches the definition of the term”sabbath,” though there’s not any particular definition of the day as a”sabbath.” Now let us continue research further in this chapter.
Concerning the Feast of Weeks, now generally called Pentecost, we read, “In the day following the Sabbath, the day you brought the sheaf of the wave offering, count off seven full weeks. Cutting verses 17-20, that explain the offerings to be produced with this feast day we read in verse 21, “At the exact same day you are to proclaim a sacred assembly and do no regular work.
Notice again that this afternoon is described as”a sacred meeting,” along with the Israelites are commanded to”do no servile work therein” – the definition of a”sabbath.” But we haven’t seen the true term”sabbath” utilized in connection with almost any day apart from the seventh day of every week so that there might continue being just a tiny uncertainty. We’ll now remove that uncertainty by analyzing the directions for the Feast of Trumpets.
Do no regular work, however, pose a food offering to the LORD.” Here we have a very clear link beyond any doubt: that the Lord is instructing the Israelites to watch every one of those feast days as a”sabbath” – a phrase he defines Himself as”a sacred meeting,” a day where the Israelites are to”don’t (servile) work” (I place the term”servile” in parentheses as it seems in a number of those passages but not others)
I won’t mention the descriptions of the Day of Atonement and the feast of Tabernacles, but by studying the rest of the 23rd chapter of Leviticus, an individual can easily confirm these days were Sabbaths at the very strictest sense of this term. We see that when the word”sabbath” is used in the gospels, in addition to elsewhere, it may consult with a weekly sabbath or into some of the seven large feast days that the Lord taught the Israelites to watch through the year.
Returning now to the gospel of John, we see in 19:31 the passage referring to the exact same time period which was the topic of the passage cited above by Mark 15: “It was the day of Preparation, and the following day was a special Sabbath. Since the Jewish leaders didn’t want the bodies left on the crosses during the Sabbath, they asked Pilate to have the legs broken and the bodies removed.”
Just John informs us this significant detail: the next day wasn’t a normal 7th-day sabbath, but instead”a distinctive sabbath (or at the King James version, a”high day”).” “A distinctive sabbath” implies that the coming day was a sabbath since it was a feast day — among those seven large feast days ordained by God — rather than because it was the seventh day of this week.
It might have been a Saturday since the Passover (14 Nisan) and the Feast of Unleavened Bread (15 Nisan) could collapse on any two successive days of this week – they had been scheduled based on the day of this month, and not the day of this week.
However, by exploring farther we’ll see how we could be sure that in this year that the”particular sabbath,” the sabbath of the very first day of the Feast of Unleavened Bread, didn’t fall on a Saturday, which the upcoming sabbath day said here should actually have become the sixth day of this week, which we currently call Friday — meaning the prior day, where Jesus must have been crucified, was a Thursday.
In fact, careful readers of the Bible might have wondered if the Lord’s crucifixion was on Thursday due to a statement He made: “For as Jonah was three days and three nights in the belly of a massive fish, so the Son of Man will be three days and three nights in the center of the earth” (Matthew 12:40).
Note carefully the specificity, the two of the passing at Jonah,”… and Jonah was in the belly of the fish three days and three nights” (Jonah 1:17), and also of Jesus’ quotation of the passage,”… therefore the Son of Man will be three days and three nights in the center of the earth” (Matthew 12:40).
The passing in Jonah might have stated”three times,” or perhaps”three complete days,” and Jesus likely could have lent it. Even the Israelites reckoned days from sunset to sunset, so it had been clear to them and to people that the word”day” may mean either the interval of the sun or the 24-hour interval which comprises both darkness and sunlight.
However, the specificity of this passing at Jonah, and of the Lord’s quote of the passing, reveals clearly that God intended us to know this not as some obscure period of about 3 times, however as three phases of daylight and 3 phases of the night: “three days and three nights”